Hayden Island

 

Hayden Island is an island in the Columbia River between Vancouver, Washington and Portland, Oregon. The wide main channel of the Columbia (and the Washington/Oregon state line) passes north of the island. To the south, sheltered by the island, is a smaller channel known as North Portland Harbor. Much of Hayden Island (and connected Tomahawk Island to the east) is within Portland city limits, and recognized as one of its 95 neighborhoods.[1]

 

Hayden Island has had different names through history:  e.g. Menzies Island and Painted Image Island.  And for a time, both Hayden Island and Tomahawk Island, until that morphed into just Hayden Island when dredge material was deposited between two land masses. 

 

1792 Hayden Island was first recorded
1805 Lewis and Clark stop by for a visit on their way to Astoria
1917 The first Interstate Bridge opens (the current northbound side), heralding an end to the island's previous use for farming and grazing
1928 Jantzen Beach Amusement Park opens
1958  The second Interstate Bridge (southbound side) is completed
1970 The amusement park closes
1972 Jantzen Beach Shopping Center constructed on the former site of the amusement park

Mid-1980s

Early1990s 

City of Portland annexes the portion of the island east of BNSF Railway tracks
Mid-1990s Jantzen Beach Shopping Cnter remodeled to accommoate big box retal development; renamed Jantzen Beach SuperCenter
2006 Portland City Council enacts development moratorium for Hayden Island
2007 City and neighborhood being development of the Hayden Island Plan
2007  Oregon Land Use Board of Appeals overturns moratorium
July 2009 Portland City Council adopts Hayden Island Plan

 

Interstate 5 provides the only roadway connection to the island, via the northernmost Oregon exit, to the rest of North Portland and, with the Interstate Bridge, to Vancouver to the north. The BNSF Railway crosses North Portland Harbor (via the Oregon Slough Railroad Bridge) and the western part of the island to the west of I-5, before crossing the Columbia via the Burlington Northern Railroad Bridge 9.6. The east end of the island, often called Jantzen Beach, has highly developed retail areas near the freeway, hotels, offices, manufactured home communities, and condominium complexes. Further east there are several houseboat moorages and marinas.

  

Until the Interstate Bridge opened in 1917 ferries provided service between Portland and Vancouver from landings on the island's north shore. After the opening of the bridge, streetcar service opened Hayden Island to amusement park developments due to its beaches and strategic location. Jantzen Beach, the last operating amusement park, closed in 1970. Tomahawk Island, just off the east tip of Hayden Island, became another amusement park—Lotus Isle—for a few years in the 1930s.


Etymology

In 1792, the island was discovered by Lieutenant William Robert Broughton, commander of the Royal Navy survey brig HMS Chatham, who named it Menzies, after the botanist of his ship Archibald Menzies and naming Vancouver after his commander George Vancouver. In 1805, Lewis and Clark named the island Image Canoe Island after a large canoe carved with images of men and animals emerged from the opposite side of the island.[2]

 

Hudson's Bay Company called it Vancouver Island. And in the early 1800s it was called Shaw Island for Colonel W. Shaw who owned land on the island.[3] In 1851, the island was renamed for the Oregon pioneer and early Vancouver, Washington settler Gay Hayden who owned the island[4] after settling there in 1851 upon hearing of the Donation Land Claim Act a year after it was passed. He built a grand home and lived on the island for five years with his wife Mary Jane Hayden and twin children.[5]

 

References

  1. ^      Most of the neighborhood lies within Portland's North section, though the      eastern end is in the city's Northeast section.
  2. ^      Portland City Walks: Twenty Explorations In and Around Town,      Foster, Laura O., Timber Press, 2008, ISBN 0881928852
  3. ^      Jolotta, Pat. Naming Clark County. Vancouver: Fort Vancouver Historical      Society, 1993. Print.
  4. ^      McArthur, Lewis A., Oregon Geographic Names,Oregon Historical Quarterly,      Vol. 27, No. 3 (Sep., 1926), Oregon Historical Society, pp. 295-363, URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20610356
  5. ^      Hayden, Gay. Access Genealogy. 2010-06-13. URL:http://www.accessgenealogy.com/scripts/data/database.cgi?file=Data&report=SingleArticle&ArticleID=0020608.      Accessed: 2010-06-13. (Archived by WebCite® at http://www.webcitation.org/5qS1jKFqK)